Trans Frontier Shipment

Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste

What Happens Now China Has Banned Waste Imports?

China Bans the Import of Waste
China Bans the Import of Waste

China’s plans to ban imports of foreign waste present an “opportunity” for the UK, an environment minister has said. Therese Coffey said she understood the plans were “a headache” but challenged the UK to improve the quality of its waste and reprocess more at home. She was speaking to MPs on the Environmental Audit Committee. China announced plans to ban imports of 24 grades of rubbish in July, reducing the tonnes of the world’s waste it imports to feed its recycling industry. The Bureau of International Recycling China estimates that China last year imported 7.3 million tonnes of plastic scrap from Europe, Japan and USA, and 27 million tonnes of waste paper.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-41816491

European Commission
European Commission

Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste – Introduction

Economic growth and globalisation in the last decades have led to a worldwide increase of waste transports across borders, whether on the road, by railway or ship. While traded wastes may often have a positive economic value and replace natural resources in industrial facilities, waste transports sometimes involve hazardous materials which can create risks for human health and the environment. The uncontrolled movement of toxic wastes from the Seveso incident to France in 1982, but also several cases where such wastes from Europe were exported and dumped in developing countries, showed the need for more supervision and control.

 

Union Jack
Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste Exports from England

To address the problem of uncontrolled transport of waste, Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 of 14 June 2006 on shipments of waste lays down procedures for the transboundary shipments (i.e. transport) of waste. This Regulation implements into EU law the provisions of the “Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal” as well as the OECD Decision. The Regulation includes a ban on the export of hazardous wastes to non-OECD countries (“Basel ban“) as well as a ban on the export of waste for disposal.

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/shipments/legis.htm

Basel Convention
Basel Convention

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basel_Convention

 

Different regimes apply to shipments of wastes for disposal and for recovery, as well as to hazardous and “green-listed” non-hazardous wastes. The shipment of hazardous wastes and of wastes destined for disposal is generally subject to notification procedures with the prior written consent of all relevant authorities of dispatch, transit and destination. However, as a rule, the shipment of “green-listed” wastes for recovery within the EU and OECD does not require the consent of the authorities.

European Union
Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste Imports in the European Union

Despite the Regulation, illegal shipments of waste are still a significant problem (some estimates suggest that the overall non-compliance rate with the Regulation could be around 25%). To strengthen Member States’ inspection systems, the Regulation was amended in 2014 through Regulation (EU) No 660/2014 of 15 May 2014. Member States are required to apply the new changes in the years 2016/17.

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/shipments

SAP, Waste Recycling One
SAP, Waste Recycling One

Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste – Process Automation in SAP Waste & Recycling One

The Trans-Frontier Shipment of waste (TFS) places significant demands on producers, transporters, brokers and processors of waste across Europe. Ensuring that each shipment fully complies with EU regulations and has the necessary paperwork for each stage of its journey is essential if businesses are to remain compliant.

Normally, this involves submitting multiple notification forms for each shipment, with extensive details of its destination, contents, relevant OECD / Basel codes and national import / export codes – tasks that can become a real resource drain if maintained manually for any business regularly moving waste between countries.

The Trans Frontier Shipment TFS (International Waste Shipment / IWS) process has been designed in SAP Waste & Recycling One to manage the complex process of requesting, logging material details, the export movements through automated capture of producer, hauler, port, shipping, port, hauler, destination, arrival and disposing and or recycling of the materials consignment.

The Trans Frontier Manager console screen shows each TFS in a filtered view, once it moves through the process of export, the status changes so a real-time tracking process is managed for the export of materials. The user interface details who has requested the export, who is moving it and where the materials final destination is.

Trans Frontier Shipment Notifications – Is the instruction that a shipment of waste is going to be made, where it was produced, who is notifying of its export, who is moving it and where it is going. Like the SAP Waste & Recycling One Work Order it is an ‘aggregation’ of a large amount of information.

 

Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste SAP Waste & Recycling One
Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste SAP Waste & Recycling One

Importantly, as the Trans Frontier Shipment is preintegrated and an extension of the SAP Waste & Recycling One Work Order making extensive use of a single set of master data and governance rules; capture and output (reporting) is automated and also calculates the costs (and profits) of such extensive cross border materials movements. Downstream in the process this data is then posted automatically to SAP Business One’s GL Account Determination, pre-configured posting configuration, simplifying the Trans Frontier Shipment process conclusively.

 

European Union
European Union

Safe waste shipments within the EU and with non-EU countries

The European Union (EU) has a system to supervise and control shipments of waste within its borders and with the countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and non-EU countries that have signed the Basel Convention.

Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste – ACT

Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2006 on shipments of waste.

Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste –  SUMMARY

The European Union (EU) has a system to supervise and control shipments of waste within its borders and with the countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and non-EU countries that have signed the Basel Convention.

Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste – WHAT DOES THIS REGULATION DO?

It lays down rules for controlling waste shipments to improve environmental protection.

It also incorporates the provisions of the Basel Convention and the revision of the OECD’s 2001 decision on the control of transboundary movements of wastes destined for recovery operations (i.e. where a waste is processed to recover a usable product or converted into a fuel) in EU law.

Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste – KEY POINTS

The law applies to shipments of waste:

  • between EU countries within the EU or transiting via non-EU countries;
  • imported into the EU from non-EU countries;
  • exported from the EU to non-EU countries;
  • in transit through the EU, on the way from or to non-EU countries.

It covers almost all types of waste, with the exception of radioactive wastewaste generated on board ships, shipments subject to the approval requirements of the animal by-product regulation, certain shipments of waste from the Antarctic, imports into the EU of certain waste generated by armed forces or relief organisations in situations of crisis, etc.

Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste – Control procedures

There are two control procedures for the shipment of waste, namely:

  1. the general information requirements of Article 18, which is normally applicable to shipments for recovery of wastes, listed in Annex III (‘green’ listed wastes – non-hazardous, such as paper or plastics) or IIIA; and
  2. the procedure of prior written notification and consent for other types of shipments of wastes, including:
  • shipments of wastes listed in Annex IV (‘amber’ listed wastes containing both hazardous and non-hazardous parts) or in Part 2 of Annex V (European list of wastes, e.g. wastes from mining, quarrying and physical and chemical treatment of minerals); and
  • shipments for disposal of wastes listed in Annex III (‘green’ listed wastes).

Other provisions

  • All parties involved must ensure that waste is managed in an environmentally sound manner, respecting EU and international rules, throughout the shipment process and when it is recovered or disposed of.
  • The notification procedure requires the prior written consent of the competent authorities of the countries concerned by the shipment (country of dispatch, country of transit and country of destination) to be given within 30 days.
  • The notifier has a duty to take back waste shipments that are found to be illegal or cannot be provided as intended (including the recovery or disposal of waste).

Trade bans

Exports to non-EU countries of waste for disposal are prohibited, except to EFTA countries that are party to the Basel Convention.

Exports for recovery of hazardous waste (i.e. that poses a risk to human health and the environment) are prohibited, except those directed to countries to which the OECD decision applies.

Imports from non-EU countries of waste for disposal or recovery are prohibited, except for imports:

  • from countries to which the OECD decision applies;
  • non-EU countries that are party to the Basel Convention;
  • countries that have concluded a bilateral agreement with the EU or EU countries; or
  • other areas during situations of crisis.

Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste – Inspection systems

The law was amended in 2014 to strengthen EU countries’ inspection systems. It lays down minimum inspection requirements with a focus on problematic waste streams (such as hazardous waste and waste sent illegally for dumping or sub-standard treatment). EU countries will have to prepare inspection plans by 2017.

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/importing-and-exporting-waste

USA
USA

Trans Frontier Shipment of Waste USA:

International Agreements on Trans Boundary Shipments of Hazardous Waste

Several international agreements may affect U.S. hazardous waste import and export practices. These include the Basel Convention, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Council Decision, and bilateral agreements between the United States and Canada, Mexico, Costa Rica, Malaysia, and the Philippines.

https://www.epa.gov/hwgenerators/international-agreements-transboundary-shipments-hazardous-waste